Original scientific paper                                                                                                                                                  DOI: 10.17508/CJFST.2021.13.1.15

Evaluation of lactic acid bacteria viability and anti-diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli activities of non-alcoholic fermented beverage ‘Kunu

Ayomide F. Sowemimo, Abiola O. Obisesan,https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2379-0135Funmilola A. Ayeni*

University of Ibadan, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Ibadan, Nigeria

Article history:
Received: September 11, 2020
Accepted: January 11, 2021
Kunu is a non-alcoholic fermented cereal beverage consumed primarily as a refreshing drink. This study investigated the effects of storage conditions on viability of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) in kunu and the antibacterial effects of Kunu against diarrhoea caused by Escherichia coli strains.  Kunu was prepared according to local traditional method. Viability counts of LAB in kunu stored at two different conditions, cold (4 ℃ average) and room temperature (26 ℃ average), were evaluated. Isolated LAB from kunu were identified by partial sequencing of 16S rRNA gene. Five pathotypes of diarrhoea caused by E. coli strains were co-cultured with kunu to evaluate its antimicrobial activities. Viable LAB count in kunu ranged from 5.0 x 109 to 1.0 x 1011 cfu/mL. Pediococcus pentosaceus, Lactobacillus plantarum and Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides were identified from kunu. There is a drastic decrease (2-5 log reduction) in E. coli strains co-cultured with kunu. The observed high viable counts of beneficial LAB in kunu with its antimicrobial activities against diarrhoeaogenic E. coli strains indicates that kunu is not just a refreshing drink, but it also has antimicrobial potential against diarrhoea caused by E. coli.
storage temperature