Original scientific paper                                                                                                                                                      DOI: 10.17508/CJFST.2021.13.2.12

Physicochemical properties of some Magnifera indica (L.) seeds in South South Nigeria

Rachel Ogheneovo Ogboru1, Kingsley Nwaokobia2,https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0893-5367Emmanuel Eimiomodebheki Odion3, Teslimah Olatoke Gbolagbade1, Efemena Martha Olorode4

1Research Coordinating Unit, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hills, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
2Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Auchi. Edo State, Nigeria
3Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Nigeria
4Bioscience Department, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hills, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Article history:
Received: December 18, 2020
Accepted: April 9, 2021
This study aims to investigate the physicochemical composition of selected mango seed samples from four markets in South South Nigeria. Saigon cultivars of ripe mango were randomly collected from four markets in South South Nigeria, then identified and authenticated. The seeds were de-pulped using a sharp knife and then analyzed for physical, proximate, mineral and main organic elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, sulphur and nitrogen. The width, length, thickness, sphericity, roundness and true density, were observed to be high in Igbudu market (15.01± 0.01) mm, Igbudu market (42.27 ± 0.15) mm, Kaima market (0.56 ± 0.03) mm, Igbudu market (7.23 ± 0.03) %, Kaima market (38.27 ± 0.03) %, Oba market (78.89 ± 025) g/cm3. High ash content, fat content, moisture content, crude fibre and crude protein were obtained from Oba market (0.86 ± 0.10) %, (4.86 ± 0.24) %, (20.74±0.10) %, Igbudu market (2.03 ± 0.04)  and Kaima market (7.03 ± 0.15) %. High level of minerals and ultimate parameters were reported mainly in Oba market. Alphonso cultivars of Mangifera indica L. seeds have varying levels of physicochemical parameters. Some of these are taken into consideration during packaging and sorting, while others could determine how long it takes before the seed deteriorates or germinates and also shows that the seed can be a source of minerals.
physicochemical properties
proximate analysis
ultimate analysis
Mangifera indica seed